Alapuzha Backwaters- Venice of the East

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Kerala, often referred to as “God’s Own Country,” is celebrated for its lush landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and enchanting backwaters. Among the many captivating backwater destinations in Kerala, Alappuzha (also known as Alleppey) stands out as the quintessential hub of Kerala’s backwater experiences. In this article, we will delve into the allure of Alappuzha Backwaters, their unique features, attractions, and why they are a must-visit destination for travelers exploring the southern Indian state of Kerala.

Location and Geography

Alappuzha is a coastal district in the southern part of Kerala, and its backwaters are often referred to as the “Venice of the East.” The region is characterized by an intricate network of interconnected lakes, rivers, canals, and lagoons, collectively known as the Alappuzha Backwaters. These backwaters stretch over an area of around 900 square kilometers and are situated along the Arabian Sea coast.

The primary bodies of water that make up the Alappuzha Backwaters include Vembanad Lake (the largest lake in Kerala), Punnamada Lake, and a vast network of canals like the Alleppey Canal and the Manimala River.

Attractions and Activities

  1. Houseboat Cruises: Houseboat tours are the most popular way to explore the Alappuzha Backwaters. These traditional wooden houseboats, known as “kettuvallams,” are equipped with modern amenities and provide a comfortable and immersive experience. Visitors can cruise through the serene backwaters, passing by picturesque villages, lush paddy fields, and coconut groves. The overnight houseboat stays offer an enchanting experience, allowing you to sleep amidst the tranquil waters.
  2. Nehru Trophy Boat Race: Alappuzha is famous for hosting the Nehru Trophy Boat Race, one of the most significant and thrilling boat races in Kerala. Held annually on the Punnamada Lake, this event attracts thousands of spectators who come to witness the grand spectacle of snake boats (chundan vallams) racing against each other.
  3. Vembanad Lake: Vembanad Lake is a vast and serene expanse of water that is perfect for boat rides and birdwatching. The lake is home to a variety of aquatic life, including fish and prawns, and you can often spot birds like kingfishers and egrets along its shores.
  4. Marari Beach: Located near Alappuzha, Marari Beach is a pristine and less crowded alternative to the bustling beaches of Kerala. It offers a tranquil setting for relaxation, swimming, and beachside activities.
  5. Kuttanad: Often referred to as the “Rice Bowl of Kerala,” Kuttanad is a region within the Alappuzha Backwaters known for its extensive paddy fields. A visit to Kuttanad provides insights into traditional farming practices and the agrarian way of life.
  6. Alappuzha Lighthouse: This historic lighthouse, situated near Alappuzha Beach, offers panoramic views of the coastline and the backwaters. Climb to the top for a breathtaking vista of the surrounding area.

Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Alappuzha Backwaters is during the winter months, from October to March, when the weather is pleasant and dry. This period ensures a comfortable and enjoyable experience for outdoor activities and houseboat cruises. The monsoon season (June to September) can bring heavy rains and is not ideal for travel.

Visiting Tips

  1. Book Houseboats in Advance: If you plan to stay on a houseboat, it’s advisable to make reservations in advance, especially during the peak tourist season, to secure your preferred accommodations.
  2. Local Cuisine: Savor the local Kerala cuisine, especially fresh seafood and coconut-based dishes, at the many restaurants and eateries in Alappuzha.
  3. Respect the Environment: Maintain the cleanliness of the backwaters by disposing of waste responsibly and avoiding any disturbance to the local ecosystem.


Alappuzha Backwaters offer a captivating and immersive experience in the heart of Kerala’s natural paradise. The serene waterways, picturesque landscapes, and vibrant cultural heritage make this destination an essential stop for travelers exploring Kerala. Whether you’re gliding through the backwaters on a houseboat, cheering at the Nehru Trophy Boat Race, or simply enjoying the tranquil ambiance, Alappuzha Backwaters promise an unforgettable journey through the “Venice of the East.”