Thiruvallam Backwaters

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Kerala, known as “God’s Own Country,” is celebrated for its stunning natural beauty, and its backwaters are among the state’s most iconic attractions. While Kerala boasts several famous backwater destinations like Alleppey and Kumarakom, Thiruvallam Backwaters offer a unique and tranquil experience for travelers seeking to explore Kerala’s coastal paradise. In this article, we’ll delve into the allure of Thiruvallam Backwaters, their location, attractions, and why they should be on your Kerala travel itinerary.

Location and Geography

Thiruvallam Backwaters are nestled on the southwestern coast of Kerala, near its capital city, Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum). The backwaters are formed by the confluence of two rivers, the Karamana River and the Killi River, just a few kilometers from the Arabian Sea. The proximity to Thiruvananthapuram makes Thiruvallam easily accessible for travelers.

The backwaters stretch over an expanse of serene lagoons, winding canals, and lush greenery, creating an idyllic setting for nature enthusiasts and those seeking a peaceful escape.

Attractions and Activities

  1. Boat Cruises: Exploring Thiruvallam Backwaters is best done by taking a boat cruise. Traditional wooden canoes and houseboats are available for hire, allowing visitors to navigate the gentle waters while soaking in the natural beauty and tranquility.

  2. Karamana River: The Karamana River, one of the major rivers in Kerala, originates in the Western Ghats and flows through Thiruvallam. The river’s pristine waters and verdant banks make it a prime spot for boat rides, fishing, and birdwatching.

  3. Killi River Estuary: The meeting point of the Karamana and Killi Rivers forms a serene estuary. The estuary is particularly famous for its serene ambience and is often used as a departure point for boat rides.

  4. Canoeing: For a more intimate experience with nature, visitors can opt for canoeing. Paddling through narrow canals and waterways allows for a closer encounter with the local flora and fauna.

  5. Vellayani Lake: Vellayani Lake, the largest freshwater lake in Thiruvananthapuram district, is located nearby. It’s an excellent spot for a scenic drive, picnics, or a refreshing swim.

  6. Birdwatching: Thiruvallam Backwaters are a haven for birdwatchers. The serene environment attracts a variety of avian species, including kingfishers, herons, egrets, and even migratory birds during the winter months.

  7. Thiruvallam Parasurama Temple: Located on the banks of the Karamana River, the Thiruvallam Parasurama Temple is a significant pilgrimage site. Its unique architecture and spiritual significance make it a worthwhile stop for cultural enthusiasts.

Best Time to Visit

The ideal time to visit Thiruvallam Backwaters is during the winter months, from October to March, when the weather is pleasantly cool and the skies are clear. The monsoon season, from June to September, can bring heavy rains and is not recommended for outdoor activities.

Visiting Tips

  1. Local Guides: Consider hiring a local guide or boatman who can provide insights into the area’s history, culture, and wildlife.

  2. Sun Protection: Don’t forget to carry sun protection essentials like sunscreen, hats, and sunglasses, especially if you plan to spend a lot of time on the water.

  3. Respect the Environment: Help preserve the pristine beauty of Thiruvallam Backwaters by disposing of waste responsibly and avoiding disturbing the local flora and fauna.


Thiruvallam Backwaters may not be as famous as some of Kerala’s more prominent backwater destinations, but they offer a peaceful and enchanting retreat. The unhurried pace of life, lush landscapes, and diverse ecosystem create a captivating atmosphere that is sure to leave a lasting impression on any traveler. Whether you’re seeking relaxation, adventure, or a blend of both, Thiruvallam Backwaters promise a serene experience in Kerala’s coastal paradise.