Assam, located in the northeastern part of India, is renowned for its rich biodiversity and abundant wildlife. The state is home to several wildlife sanctuaries and national parks that provide habitats for a wide range of animal and plant species, including some rare and endangered ones. Here are some of the prominent wildlife sanctuaries in Assam:
Kaziranga National Park: A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Kaziranga is famous for its population of the Indian one-horned rhinoceros. It’s also home to elephants, tigers, wild water buffalo, and various bird species. The park’s diverse ecosystems include grasslands, wetlands, and forests.
Manas National Park: Another UNESCO World Heritage Site, Manas is known for its diverse landscapes and wildlife, including Bengal tigers, Indian elephants, pygmy hogs, and golden langurs. It’s also part of the Eastern Himalayan Biodiversity Hotspot.
Nameri National Park: This park is located near the border of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. It’s home to tigers, elephants, leopards, and various bird species. The park’s lush forests and the Jia Bhoroli River add to its charm.
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park: Situated in the floodplains of the Brahmaputra River, this park is known for its diverse ecosystems, including grasslands, wetlands, and forests. It’s home to feral horses, tigers, water buffalo, and various migratory bird species.
Orang National Park: Also known as Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park, it’s known for its population of Indian rhinoceros and wild water buffalo. It’s a great place for birdwatching and wildlife photography.
Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary: This sanctuary is known for having one of the highest densities of Indian rhinoceros. It’s a compact area that offers opportunities for rhino sightings.
Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary: Located in the Sonitpur district, this sanctuary is home to elephants, tigers, leopards, and various bird species.
Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary: It’s known for its golden langurs and hoolock gibbons. The sanctuary’s hilly terrain and diverse flora and fauna make it a unique destination.
Panidihing Bird Sanctuary: Situated around a lake, this sanctuary attracts a variety of migratory and resident bird species, making it a paradise for birdwatchers.
Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary: Similar to Pobitora, this sanctuary is known for its population of Indian rhinoceros and offers opportunities for rhino sightings.
These wildlife sanctuaries not only conserve and protect the region’s unique flora and fauna but also provide incredible opportunities for ecotourism, wildlife photography, birdwatching, and experiencing the natural beauty of Assam. Always stay updated on the current situation and follow travel advisories when planning your visit.